Allama Iqbal is the greatest Muslim poet-philosopher he was born at Sialkot on the 9th of November, 1877. His father Shiekh Noor Muhammad was a great mystic. Iqbal inherited deep love for religion from him. His school teacher, Syed Mir Hassan, also played an important role in shaping his personality, he taught him Arabic, Islamiat and Persian. After completing his early education he went to Lahore. There he joined the government college and passed M.A examination in philosophy. Then he started teaching in the same college. After a few years, he went to Europe for higher studies. He received PH.D in philosophy from Germany and passed bar-at-law examination from London. When he returned home, he started his law practice in Lahore high court.
He devoted most of his time to poetry, Philosophy, and, religion he was much worried about the sad and deplorable plight of the Muslims. They had forgotten the true message of Islam and had indulged in petty wordily pursuits. Iqbal tried to reawaken them from the sound slumber of luxurious ease. He wrote many great and beautiful poems which carry the message of Islam through his immortal theories of”khudi”, “mard-e-momin” and “shaheen” he taught them self control self respect and love for religion.
It was he who presented the idea of Pakistan. In 1930, he presided over the Allahabad session of the all India Muslim league. In his presidential speech, he made it clear that the Muslims of the subcontinent would have to struggle hard to achieve a separate homeland if they wanted to leave their lives according to the teachings of Islam. Unfortunately, he did not live to see his dream come true. He died on April 21, 1938. He was buried in Lahore where Minar-e-Pakistan stand to bear witness to the inside and prudence of this great “poet of the east”.

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